Mental health is an important thing that needs attention, especially in this modern era. Various kinds of demands of life along with a number of other factors can cause problems in human mental health.
So, what are the types of mental disorders, you can read more about the following information:
Psychosis is one type of mental disorder that is fairly serious, schizophrenia is one example. Sufferers will experience symptoms, such as auditory or visual hallucinations, as well as delusions, namely believing things are not happening. The emergence of these symptoms will result in humans having abnormal perceptions.
Impulse Control and Addition Disorder (ICAD)
Impulse Control and Addition Disorder (ICAD) is a type of disorder in the form of a person’s inability to resist the urge to take actions that can harm others or himself. Sufferers usually have addictions to alcohol and drugs, or to activities, such as shopping and sex. Examples of sufferers of this disorder are kleptomania (stealing) and pyromania (lighting fire).
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) often occurs in someone who is experiencing a traumatic event. It can be in the form of sexual harassment, death of a close person, physical violence, natural disaster, and so on. Sufferers will usually experience emotional numbness, because it is difficult to forget the unpleasant experience.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
The next mental disorder is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). OCD is a mental disorder due to an individual’s obsession that makes him perform actions repeatedly, as a way to relieve pressure on his constant strong desires. Usually the sufferer will worry and think about the negative things that might happen to him.
One of the ways to treat patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is through therapy. Therapy is intended so that the patient’s mind can be controlled so that the intensity of doing repetitive actions can be reduced. As for how to use drugs previously suggested by experts.
Eating disorders can arise as a result of deteriorating mental health. Usually the sufferers are teenagers. Can be caused by a person’s desire to have an ideal body shape. A sufferer will then apply an unhealthy diet, even tend to be extreme so that it also affects his physical health.
There are three types of eating disorders, namely bulimia, anorexia, and binge eating. Bulimia is a condition in which the individual eats large amounts of food and then is forced to vomit again. Anorexia is a disorder in which the sufferer will always think that he is overweight, even though he is not. Binge-eating is when the sufferer overeats and is difficult to stop.
Anxiety Disorder, also known as anxiety disorder, is a common type of mental disorder. Symptoms can be characterized by excessive individual anxiety when responding to situations or objects. This anxiety can trigger physiological changes, such as a faster heart beat and sweating. The fear experienced by an individual can be so intense. An example of an anxiety disorder is a phobia.
Personality Disorder is another term for a personality disorder. Sufferers tend to have a rigid and different way of thinking from most people. This is what allows the sufferer to have a disorder in functioning normally in society. Usually sufferers will tend to create problems and trouble others because of their extreme personality. Examples of personality disorders are paranoia and antisocial behavior.